Vol. 20, No. 5 September / October 2004  Issue Select 
Issue Details
Cover Title: N&W Steam vs. Southern Diesels: The truth exposed!
Cover Subtitle: Homecoming 2004: Convention in Roanoke and: Foreign Passenger Cars on the N&W
On the Cover: A Southern Railway 4,000 HP E6 diesel passenger locomotive side by side with Class A 2-6-6-4 #1206. These were two of the locomotives used in a comparative study done by the N&W and Southern of maintenance costs for the two types of power.
Articles In This Issue
N&W Steam vs. Southern Diesels / How did the costs compare? - Gordon Hamilton
  Photo This is High Bridge on the old main line through Farmville, VA. Passenger trains handled by the Class J 4-8-4 steam locomotives in the cost study would have used this bridge in both directions in order to server Farmville. Freight trains handled by the Class A 2-6-6-4 steam locomotives in the cost study may have used this bridge, particularly westbound, but they probably used the Farmville Belt Line eastbound. High Bridge has been out of service for several months, so all through trains now use the bled line. (N&W Photo / NWHS Archives Collection)
  Photo Class A 2-6-6-4 steam locomotive #1207 one of the two A's in the cost study, poses beneath the Lambert's Point coaling station in Norfolk, VA. After servicing, the locomotive would head for Roanoke with a merchandise train or, possibly a train of empty coal hoppers that had been recently dumped at the Lamberts Point coal piers. (N&W Photo / NWHS Archives Collection)
  Photo Both Class J 4-8-4 steam locomotives in the cost study, #600 & #601, display their beauty for the photograper at Shaffers Crossing in Roanoke. During the cost study, both locomotives handled passenger trains between Roanoke and Norfolk, VA (N&W Photo / Lewis I. Jeffries Collection)
  Photo One of the two Southern Railway 5,400HP four-unit FT diesel freight locomotives in the cost study, #4109 and mate units, passing the George Washington Masonic Memorial in Alexandria, VA with a southbound freight. (John Krause Photo / Marvin Black Collection)
  Table N&W Railway, Classification of Locomotive Repairs, Revised 1/1/1935
  Letter Southern Railway - Assignment of Diesel Engines, 7/8/1947
  Letter Southern Railway System, 8/29/1947, Subject: Locomotive Maintenance Cost
  Table Unchecked figures of time consumed at Shaffers crossing in the various servicing operations on locomotives
  Photo One of the two Southern Railway 5,400 HP four-unit FT diesel freight locomotives in the cost study, #4103 and mates at the Alexandria, VA diesel shop on 7/13/1946, about a month before the cost study of freight locomotives would end. From Alexandria the locomotives would have handled a southbound freight train to Monroe just north of Lynchburg, VA. (Leonard W. Rice Photo / Marvin Black Collection)
  Table Steam vs Southern Diesel maintenance cost comparison
  Chart Accumulative Maintenance Costs Passenger Locomotives, N&W steam vs Southern Diesel
  Chart Accumulative Maintenance Costs Freight Locomotives, N&W steam vs Southern Diesel
  Photo One of the two Southern Railway 4,000 HP two-unit E6 diesel passenger locomotives in the study #2900 & #2950, at the head of The Tennessean with an admiring multitude at Johnson City TN, in 1941 when the train was new. The livery of the B unit provided a transition between the paint scheme of the A unit and the train. (J. T. Dowdy Photo / C. K. Marsh, Jr. Collection)
Celebration in Roanoke / Homecoming 2004: Our 20th Anniversary Convention - Charles "Bucky" H. Wilson, Jr.
  Photo A NS train eases through Roanoke just behind the former N&W passenger station (now the O. Winston Link Museum) at the far right. The action was only a stone's throw away from the Hotel Roanoke, where the annual N&WHS convention was held. (Jerry Kay Photo)
  Photo A rendering in stone of the N&W route map stands in front of the O. Winston Link Museum in Roanoke, with the famed Hotel Roanoke, site of our 2004 convention, in the background. (Jerry Kay Photo)
  Photo Over 100 persons attended the very first event on Wednesday... a pizza party held adjacent to the N&WHS Archives building. (Jerry Kay Photo)
  Photo The first tour was of Roanoke Electric Steel, and members got a close-up and personal view of an industry that's been producing top quality steel since the days of steam locomotives. (Jim Gillum Photo)
  Photo Roanoke Cement has seen many of those grey covered hoppers from NS in its life... it's an industry that's been in the Roanoke Valley since 1951. (Jim Gillum Photo)
  Photo Convention attendees get an orientation from our courteous hosts at Norfolk Southern's Car Shops. (Charles H. Wilson, Jr. Photo)
  Photo Work is underway on a former Conrail unit at Shaffer's Crossing shops. Our Saturday tour gave us a look inside the hear of Norfolk Southern. (Charles H. Wilson, Jr. Photo)
  Photo Turning our tour bus in the cramped quarters of Shaffer's Crossing turned out to be no problem at all... we just took a ride on the turntable! (Charles H. Wilson, Jr. Photo)
  Photo Former N&W President Jack Fishwick served as our guest speaker at the Saturday banquet. (Charles H. Wilson, Jr. Photo)
  Photo Society President Jim Gillum bids farewell to members at the concluding Sunday morning breakfast. (Charles H. Wilson, Jr. Photo)
The Tennessean / Those Foreign-line passenger cars - James Nichols
  Photo PRR coach #4270 brings up the markers on #24 in the mid 1950s. The two photos were taken by the author during a station stop at the Bluefield passenger station. Passenger cars from other roads occasionally appeared on the N&W to balance per diem charges. (Jim Nichols Photo)
Model Review / Broadway Imports' H-2A Hopper in HO - James F. Brewer
  Photo 3 photos of the model H-2A (manufacturer)
Nuggets from the Archives / Picture Postcards form the Railroads - Gordon Hamilton
  Photo N&W Farm, Ivor, VA. (Card dates from the period 1900 to 1909). One little known endeavor of the N&W was demonstration farm near Ivor, VA, on the Norfolk Division. The farm was significant traffic for the railroad, and it used the most advanced farming techniques of its day in order to promote farm production along the N&W. N&W annual reports from 1887 thru 1906 list 64 acres of real estate at Ivor, almost certainly the farm, which was sold in 1919 for $20,000. The next year, the company sold an even less well known experimental orchard farm near Moran, Prince Edward County, VA for $1,450.50. (N&WHS Collection)
  Photo The Palisades, New River, VA. On the line of the N&W Railway (no date on card). Although there is a New River "Palisades" on the N&W's abandoned North Carolina Branch at mile post P-16.7, the train in this view appears to be a mainline train, indicating that this Palisades is the one between Eggleston and Pembroke on the Walton, VA to Bluefield, WV, line of the Radford Division. The double tracking of segments of the Walton to Bluefield Line was begun in 1902 with some 15 miles of second track between Oakvale and Bluefield, and the last segment was completed in 1917... (N&WHS Collection)
  Photo N&W Station from Auditorium, Roanoke, VA. (No date on card) This is the passenger station before its 1947 modernization by famed industrial designer, Raymond Loewy. Although the modernized station was acclaimed as an improvement, the old station architecture had a classic beauty, which was complimented by the park in the foreground before the park was turned into a parking lot for the ever-increasing population of automobiles. (N&WHS Collection)
  Photo N&W Ry. Co's Round House, Williamson WV (Card postmarked 1911) Typical of early picture post cards, this shows what was probably the most impressive structure in that part of the country at that time. The turntable and a portion of the roundhouse survive today as a freight car repair shop. (N&WHS Collection)
  Photo N&W Yards, Vivian, WV (Card postmarked 1910) Of particular interest is the Deepwater Railway stock car #80763 in the lower right of the picture. The Deepwater was formed in 1898 and became the western part of the Virginian Railway in 1907. This Deepwater stock car probably came through the connection with the N&W at Matoaka, WV, but what load did it carry to Vivian?? Mules for the mines? (N&WHS Collection)
  Photo N&W Railroad bridge and Ohio River, near Huntington, WV (actually Kenova, WV; No date on card). This view shows a single track on the original Ohio River bridge, which was opened for business 11/1/1892. This rather spindly looking structure and its approach trestle where replaced in 1913 by a much more substantial structure with two tracks. It is a tribute to the people involved in creating the 1913 bridge that it is capable of carrying today's heavy traffic almost 91 years after its birth! Form the view on this card, it is easy to imagine the challenges involved in maintaining traffic while replacing the original structure with the new one on the same alignment. (N&WHS Collection)
  Photo N&W Terminal, Portsmouth Oh (no date on card) This is a rare view because of the unusual locomotive in the lower right of the picture. It turns out to be the N&W's only standard gauge Shay geared steam locomotive, #56. This large four-truck Shay was bought new from Lima Locomotive Co. in 1907 and was used on steep tracks to the mines in the coal fields far to the east of Portsmouth. Why was it in level-track country such as Portsmouth? Possibly for repairs at Portsmouth back shop. The Shay was sold in 1915. (N&WHS Collection)
  Photo Electric Locomotives Shops, Mullens WV (no date on card) This shows about half of the Virginian Raiway's fleet of 36 original electric units delivered in 1925 and 1926. Known as "Square Heads" (the streamlined GE electrics delivered in 1948 where known as "Round Noses") these original electrics were delivered as ten three-unit locomotives and six single units. Three single units were converted to a three unit locomotive in September 1926 and the final three were likewise converted in December 1941. The presence of single units in this view indicates a likely date prior to December 1941. (N&WHS Collection)
  Table Table of N&W of count of "Employees Killed" and "Employees Seriously Injured" between years of 1912 and 1922. (Norfolk and Western Magazine)
Vol. 20, No. 5 September / October 2004  Issue Select